Lifestyle

A University of Utah knowledgeable is learning the world’s oldest movable-type e-book



A University of Utah researcher is main a staff to check the 14th century Korean e-book known as Jikji.

(University of Utah) Scans of pages of the Gutenberg Bible, high, and Jikji, a Korean Buddhist e-book that was printed a long time earlier than Gutenberg’s work. A University of Utah researcher is amongst these main a examine of the Korean e-book, believed to be the oldest surviving e-book printed with movable steel kind.

Ask most individuals what the oldest e-book made with movable steel kind is, and so they probably will say the Gutenberg Bible, printed round 1455 in Mainz, Germany.

That isn’t the case, and a University of Utah librarian is a part of a analysis challenge to offer correct on account of what students say is the primary such e-book, referred to as Jikji.

“People should learn the bigger picture,” stated Randy Silverman, who’s head of preservation on the University of Utah’s Marriott Library, and certainly one of two principal investigators on the collaborative challenge “From Jikji to Gutenberg.”

Jikji is a Korean Buddhist e-book — the title interprets to “pointing at it directly” — that was printed in 1377. It tells “a compression of the history of the Buddhists,” Silverman stated. “It tells how the Buddhists attained enlightenment.”

The challenge — which entails 40 students, working in 14 completely different time zones worldwide — goals to convey Jikji’s existence to the forefront of printing historical past across the globe.

In a video explaining the endeavor, Silverman says they’re “changing perspectives on the history of printing.”

To give context to the challenge’s mission, Silverman tells a narrative a couple of neighbor’s youngster on his road, who was drawing a sidewalk-chalk image of the planet, marked with vital cultural milestones. Gutenberg was on there, however Jikji was not.

It’s Silverman’s hope, he stated, that the following time that youngster attracts a globe, Jikji shall be included among the many nice milestones.

Silverman stated he realized about Jikji a couple of years in the past, when he was invited by UNESCO to offer talks in South Korea, in Seoul and Cheongju, about 85 miles south — a spot Silverman had not heard of earlier than.

Cheongju is residence to the Cheongju Early Printing Museum, which opened in 1992 subsequent to the location of the unique temple (Heungdeok) the place Jikji was first printed. The museum was designed, Silverman stated, to reply the query “How will you take care of Jikji?”

Silverman stated he left Cheongju with “an obligation to come back to America and talk about it, because it just seemed like I got cheated. People ought to know that this is the story.”

There’s a narrative behind why Jikji isn’t as acknowledged because the Gutenberg Bible. Much of it entails the dearth of accessibility of the one unique copy of Jikji.

The story goes that the book was taken from Korea by a French diplomat, Victor Collin de Plancy, within the early 1900s, was purchased by a collector in 1911, and was donated in 1950 to the Bibliothèque de nationwide Française — the National Library of France. The library hasn’t displayed its copy of Jikji because the early Nineteen Seventies.

The French and South Korean governments have contested the right place for the e-book for years. In 1989, French President François Mitterand offered to send Jikji to Korea, if the Koreans agreed to import French high-speed rail technology; the deal reportedly broke down when the library’s staff objected. Last November, a French cultural minister said her government would think about lending Jikji to South Korea — on the situation that the Korean authorities not try and seize the e-book and hold it there perpetually.

Silverman is adamant that he needs each France and South Korea concerned within the challenge he’s main — however he additionally famous, “there isn’t a Western intellectual position that doesn’t think there’s a superiority.”

What Silverman stated he and the opposite students are most significantly excited about are the printing strategies used to create Jikji — notably, steel kind.

“The curious thing for me [is] it’s printed the next year as a woodblock printed book,” Silverman stated. “Woodblocks and type are used for different purposes, and making metal type is really complicated.”

The e-book was printed utilizing Chinese characters which can be fairly intricate. (The precursor of at the moment’s Korean alphabet wasn’t created till about 75 years later.) Woodblock kind is simpler to duplicate, he stated, very similar to a modern-day photocopier, as a result of the consumer can reference it and use it time and again.

Over the following 5 years, the collaborative challenge will maintain a scholarly symposium on the Library of Congress, and publish a 400-page catalog that can delve into kind casting, ink, paper and bookbinding, together with patterns of e-book distribution in Asia. The hope is that in 2027 — the 650th anniversary of Jikji’s printing — the challenge will convey a world exhibit to 9 analysis libraries within the United States, and 34 extra in 14 different international locations.

Part of the challenge is to match Jikji and Gutenberg, to see how the Korean and European printers of the 14th and fifteenth centuries differed in binding, ink, and different points of printing.

“The cultural advance of humanity is tied up in this investigation,” Silverman explains. “We want to save ideas as a species because we love the idea of advancement. We want to make it better for the next generation.”

What an amazing Opportunity WLH has had this past week. First to start the week off, we were able to help great...

Posted by Wade Lemon Hunting on Monday, May 21, 2018

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The charging documents also include evidence from a subordinate confirming Lemon had him place the bait in the location several weeks before the hunt."},{"_id":"UHZIEYNBTJG4FGURDPGU5HLIHA","type":"text","additional_properties":{"_id":1653085531600,"comments":[],"inline_comments":[]},"content":"Lemon was contacted by phone and said he was surprised by the charges related to the Trump Jr. hunt, saying, “As far as I knew everything was above board,” before ending the call."},{"_id":"VQF265VEEJGFPKE6BV4LPZSUSI","type":"text","additional_properties":{"_id":1653085531601,"comments":[],"inline_comments":[]},"content":"A request for remark from The Trump Organization, the place Trump Jr. is an government vice chairman, was not returned."},{"_id":"MBIHLTPXGZFRTDA225YAR2X35I","type":"text","additional_properties":{"_id":1653085531602,"comments":[],"inline_comments":[]},"content":"Questions about past investigations were emailed to Lemon and a lawyer responded to say he had no comment."},{"_id":"AQ5O5EKMGVD3ZLMXFX745AQV3A","type":"header","level":2,"additional_properties":{"_id":1653085531603,"comments":[],"inline_comments":[]},"content":"Big clients bag big game"},{"_id":"NRKHPUP4UJGNXCBMK5A5FCV3FQ","type":"text","additional_properties":{"_id":1653085531604,"comments":[],"inline_comments":[]},"content":"Hunting guides who cater to the wealthy elite have a lot at stake in ensuring successful hunts. These companies employ hunters to scout woods, deserts, mountains and plains for the biggest game, to ensure these high-profile clients have the highest chance for a successful hunt. According to DNR, Wade Lemon Hunting has been investigated eight times for allegedly breaking the law to ensure a successful hunt, though he was not charged with a felony until Tuesday."},{"_id":"YCZP3M4K3BCIJDQ2WXAL7FZFCA","type":"text","additional_properties":{"_id":1653085531605,"comments":[],"inline_comments":[]},"content":"On May 25, 2009, Hal Stout, an officer with the Utah Division of Wildlife Resources (DWR), was investigating Lemon’s hunting areas for illegal bear bait in the vicinity of Nine Mile Canyon in Carbon county. Stout was inspecting one bait location when “I heard an ATV and ran for concealment,” the report states."},{"_id":"JL4LGCIBTFA3FNQVDWSNPMPDDU","type":"text","additional_properties":{"_id":1653085531606,"comments":[],"inline_comments":[]},"content":"Stout observed a truck with dog boxes roll past and observed the plate as linked to a Lemon employee. After the vehicle passed, the officer located two more illegal bait areas — one with a dead horse carcass covered in branches and a melon rind nearby. He had little time to appraise the situation before a nearby commotion grabbed his attention."},{"_id":"ETMNJQZHKBF37KU4CN44WZG75E","type":"text","additional_properties":{"_id":1653085531607,"comments":[],"inline_comments":[]},"content":"“I heard hounds baying and continued in the direction of the sound,” Stout writes, hearing one individual specifically call for “Wade” asking to have them bring another individual from nearby cabins out to the area. The investigator again monitored from concealment and could not see all the parties involved but was aware that someone was brought out to shoot a treed bear."},{"_id":"QG4ROP5S35CZPFLURXKGU4GO7M","type":"text","additional_properties":{"_id":1653085531608,"comments":[],"inline_comments":[]},"content":"According to Stout’s report, Lemon’s employees had treed a bear and built a fire under the tree to keep it from escaping while they waited for their client to be brought to the site."},{"_id":"WX6BP3PRM5ESBBK3RBKSGNCZGI","type":"text","additional_properties":{"_id":1653085531609,"comments":[],"inline_comments":[]},"content":"“At the base and between these two trees I observed a chair made of rocks,” the report reads. “I heard WADE earlier say that the boys had built a fire under the tree and made him a chair.”"},{"_id":"QRBA4KINGFFTHCGL4RACSDRBCY","type":"text","additional_properties":{"_id":1653085531610,"comments":[],"inline_comments":[]},"content":"The investigator documented multiple examples of violations of state law from the manner of trapping the bear in the tree and the case languished for several years, before being dismissed in June 2012. A remark in the case file notes “that the level of illegality detected was insufficient to justify disclosing investigative techniques used in this case.”"},{"_id":"D3YPTXKXJZEMXJFZZAZNOHGQEA","type":"text","additional_properties":{"_id":1653085531611,"comments":[],"inline_comments":[]},"content":"Lemon would face other investigations. In 2011, an informant told DWR Lemon had a mountain lion treed and that “the lion hunter had his own private plane and was flying in tomorrow to shoot it.” Investigators later found the site of the kill."},{"_id":"4MMPF2TUDRADBI2VDGWZFSZGXQ","type":"text","additional_properties":{"_id":1653085531612,"comments":[],"inline_comments":[]},"content":"In 2016 Lemon’s company was investigated for illegally taking a Rocky Mountain bighorn sheep harvested in an off-limits area on Utah’s Mount Nebo. DWR did not fault Lemon’s company as the agency at the time had not updated its guidebooks and a DWR employee had given Lemon confirmation that they could lead a guided hunt on the mountain."},{"_id":"CJLMONXRU5B65IFE6X7ASFERPU","type":"text","additional_properties":{"_id":1653085531613,"comments":[],"inline_comments":[]},"content":"In a statement, DNR spokesperson Faith Jolley pointed out that many of these cases are difficult to investigate, sometimes informants won’t come forward and in other cases, evidence of baiting can only be gathered “by requesting a search warrant and setting up trail cameras in the area of the bait station.”"},{"_id":"5CHJQZCJAVFP3I7A7J4Y4C5VXM","type":"text","additional_properties":{"_id":1653085531614,"comments":[],"inline_comments":[]},"content":"Jolley says that DWR officers generate an average of 2,000 case reports a year for “illegal wildlife activity” investigations. “The majority of these cases conclude either being screened by a county attorney or with an investigation that results in no leads,” Jolley said."},{"_id":"PIIZZEQXY5BDDAZHO4P4C6S2GI","type":"header","level":2,"additional_properties":{"_id":1653085531615,"comments":[],"inline_comments":[]},"content":"‘Great day on the mountain’"},{"_id":"3HFPIAYHHBDKVCHNHM5Y6SRMAI","type":"text","additional_properties":{"_id":1653086619219,"comments":[],"inline_comments":[]},"content":"Despite the multiple investigations over the years, former DWR Director Mike Fowlks attended at least one hunt with Lemon’s outfit."},{"_id":"KPZGM4GV4FHYLEXZVGKQLVS2DU","additional_properties":{"fullSizeResizeUrl":"/resizer/YdkQbY9WHqCPy8HEeVn-EcUkEIg=/arc-anglerfish-arc2-prod-sltrib/public/KPZGM4GV4FHYLEXZVGKQLVS2DU.jpg","galleries":[],"ingestionMethod":"manual","iptc_job_identifier":"WireTransRef","keywords":[""],"mime_type":"image/jpeg","originalName":"Mike Fowlks.1.jpg","originalUrl":"https://cloudfront-us-east-1.images.arcpublishing.com/sltrib/KPZGM4GV4FHYLEXZVGKQLVS2DU.jpg","owner":"csamuels@sltrib.com","proxyUrl":"/resizer/YdkQbY9WHqCPy8HEeVn-EcUkEIg=/arc-anglerfish-arc2-prod-sltrib/public/KPZGM4GV4FHYLEXZVGKQLVS2DU.jpg","published":true,"resizeUrl":"/resizer/YdkQbY9WHqCPy8HEeVn-EcUkEIg=/arc-anglerfish-arc2-prod-sltrib/public/KPZGM4GV4FHYLEXZVGKQLVS2DU.jpg","restricted":false,"takenOn":"2017-07-25T00:00:00Z","thumbnailResizeUrl":"/resizer/KuFLkhiFvz6YbYqE1BA_wxilz-8=/300x0/arc-anglerfish-arc2-prod-sltrib/public/KPZGM4GV4FHYLEXZVGKQLVS2DU.jpg","usage_instructions":"j=folwks.072817","version":0,"template_id":335,"_id":"CFJBGVWTORGVRDIULNOFJETLB4","comments":[]},"address":{"locality":"WireCity","region":"WireStateName"},"caption":"(Utah Division of Wildlife Resources) Mike Fowlks, former director of the Utah Division of Wildlife Resources.","copyright":"MyPublication","created_date":"2022-05-20T22:13:04Z","credits":{"affiliation":[]},"height":3648,"image_type":"photograph","last_updated_date":"2022-05-20T22:13:04Z","licensable":false,"owner":{"id":"sltrib","sponsored":false},"slug":"WireObjectName","source":{"additional_properties":{"editor":"photo center"},"edit_url":"","system":"photo center"},"status":"","subtitle":"WireHeadline","taxonomy":{"associated_tasks":[]},"type":"image","url":"https://cloudfront-us-east-1.images.arcpublishing.com/sltrib/KPZGM4GV4FHYLEXZVGKQLVS2DU.jpg","version":"0.10.3","width":5472,"syndication":{"external_distribution":false,"search":false}},{"_id":"NXVDWPFJ2ZEAROGCJGDYOVGFZI","type":"text","additional_properties":{"_id":1653085531617,"comments":[],"inline_comments":[]},"content":"In a May 14, 2020, Instagram post from Wade Lemon Hunting, Fowlks is shown posing with a recently killed bear. 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"},{"_id":"WGRMS4GMBRA35B26BHIHK53DM4","type":"text","additional_properties":{"_id":1652486655449,"comments":[],"inline_comments":[]},"content":"That is still a lot, say authors McArthur Krishna and Bethany Brady Spalding, who posted on YouTube a six-minute video in which interviewees describe what the doctrine means to them."},{"_id":"V524SZYLCZHHBPRLJDHDLQ5KBY","type":"text","additional_properties":{"_id":1652486655450,"comments":[],"inline_comments":[]},"content":"Clearly, others want to take it beyond official pronouncements."},{"_id":"KPBOTL75W5D4REH6JDUGSR2JT4","type":"text","additional_properties":{"_id":1652486655451,"comments":[],"inline_comments":[]},"content":"One somewhat surprising split among proponents, however, has pitted some feminists who celebrate Mother God against some LGBTQ advocates who fear their exclusion from the 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After a public comment period, Gov. Spencer Cox will make an appointment to the five-judge panel."},{"_id":"FZOEOU5E6JAPRN75J57PHRQWYE","type":"text","additional_properties":{"_id":1653085696807,"comments":[],"inline_comments":[]},"content":"Lee is stepping down after being appointed to the Utah Supreme Court in 2010 by former Gov. Gary Herbert. Lee’s brother, Mike, is the senior U.S. Senator from Utah."},{"_id":"T3ZEVAL6AZE2HFMFJHSRZPABVY","type":"text","additional_properties":{"_id":1653085696808,"comments":[],"inline_comments":[]},"content":"Six of the seven nominees currently sit on the bench in Utah. Matthew Bates, James Gardner and Dianna Gibson serve on Utah’s Third District Court. Ryan Harris and Jill Pohlman are from the Utah Court of Appeals. Clemens Landau sits on the Salt Lake City Justice Court. D. 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Pohlman was also nominated to fill a Utah Supreme Court vacancy in 2017."},{"_id":"QS2REEGNMFEW7J2CJOE5P3PQRY","type":"text","additional_properties":{"_id":1653085696811,"comments":[],"inline_comments":[]},"content":"Some notable cases involving the potential justices:"},{"_id":"3SNWF5PDMRG65P7RHJDLOC5PZY","type":"text","additional_properties":{"_id":1653085696812,"comments":[],"inline_comments":[]},"content":"In 2006, when Bates was an assistant state attorney general, he represented the state in a court case where a 13-year-old Ogden girl, impregnated by her 12-year-old boyfriend, was labeled a delinquent. The girl was found guilty of violating Utah’s fornication law that prohibits sex with anyone under 14. The Utah Supreme Court threw the case out."},{"_id":"VE36V5NLMNCVLOCQMTOM4WC27A","type":"text","additional_properties":{"_id":1653085696813,"comments":[],"inline_comments":[]},"content":"In 2018, Gardner rejected an election-related lawsuit from then-Rep. Mia Love’s campaign. Love sued to stop Salt Lake County from counting votes in her race against Democrat Ben McAdams, claiming there was no mechanism to challenge voter signatures on mail-in ballots. McAdams defeated Love by just 694 votes."},{"_id":"ZRA7IBGVURAUVIYEFRXUSUMOOE","type":"text","additional_properties":{"_id":1653085696814,"comments":[],"inline_comments":[]},"content":"During the early days of the COVID-19 pandemic, Gibson blocked a concert in Tooele County meant to protest coronavirus restrictions. The state had loosened most restrictions on businesses but still banned gatherings of more than 50 people. The show eventually took place in Cedar City."},{"_id":"KXLJCNYVSNHUHBTIJOSELXPOGM","type":"text","additional_properties":{"_id":1653085696815,"comments":[],"inline_comments":[]},"content":"Harris ruled in 2018 that a court could cut off alimony payments if the recipient lives with someone else, Fox 13 reported. A lower court stopped a woman’s $7,000 per month alimony after she started living with a new boyfriend. Harris upheld the lower court ruling."},{"_id":"T2IUGBXN3JDENFD2S6XB4ATCXA","type":"text","additional_properties":{"_id":1653085696816,"comments":[],"inline_comments":[]},"content":"Before being appointed to the bench, Landau represented the mom of Darien Hunt, the 22-year-old man shot to loss of life by Saratoga Springs Police in 2017. Susan Hunt claimed she didn't comply with a monetary settlement with town over the capturing, however a federal decide dominated towards her."},{"_id":"HLLKSJSLJNBLVM6IBX6762LDA4","type":"text","additional_properties":{"_id":1653085696817,"comments":[],"inline_comments":[]},"content":"After his appointment, Landau carried out a program the place defendants may change fines or neighborhood service hours with donations to charitable organizations, in line with ABC 4."},{"_id":"7VZ3YVWLGNHLRFON2M3NKV2OWY","type":"text","additional_properties":{"_id":1653085696818,"comments":[],"inline_comments":[]},"content":"Lee was on former President Donald Trump’s list of potential U.S. Supreme Court nominees in 2018 and 2020. Trump selected Brett Kavanaugh and Amy Coney Barrett instead."},{"_id":"3NMLJQQJWZEIBEECWHR45K2DJ4","type":"text","additional_properties":{"_id":1653085696819,"comments":[],"inline_comments":[]},"content":"In 2018, Lee and then-Lt. Gov. 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Whenever you finish watching a “biopic” on the screen, you immediately Google it to discover “the real story.”","type":"text"},{"content":"Whether it’s “The Eyes of Tammy Faye,” “King Richard,” or “Catherine the Great,” you want to know which parts of the action actually happened.","type":"text"},{"content":"But what about projects that simply say “inspired by,” which is the case of the FX/Hulu series “Under the Banner of Heaven”?","type":"text"},{"content":"It should let you know that fact and fiction are mingled in the seven-part series — which carries the same name as Jon Krakauer’s 2003 bestselling book about The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, its history and the gruesome 1984 murders of Brenda Lafferty and her 15-month-old daughter, Erica, by her husband’s brothers — but how do you to tell them apart?","type":"text"},{"content":"Writer-producer Dustin Lance Black readily acknowledges that the main character, Detective Jeb Pyre, in this “true crime drama” is an invention, that many of the character names have been altered, that the town where it takes place is called East Rockwell rather than the real American Fork, and that the investigation did not unfold the way it does in the show.","type":"text"},{"content":"“Any filmmaker who says their biopic is 100% fact is telling a lie,” Black says in an interview from his London home. “A writer defines their style by how far they can bend history before it snaps.”","type":"text"},{"type":"image"},{"content":"Still, he is “one of the most diligent about trying to stay most close to the truth,” insists the screenwriter, who was reared in the LDS Church but has long since left it. “I wanted it to be authentic.”","type":"text"},{"content":"Black, who won an Oscar in 2009 for the screenplay of “Milk” and was one of the writers for HBO’s “Big Love,” spent more than a decade researching this story.","type":"text"},{"content":"He interviewed many of the key players, including Dan Lafferty, who is serving a life sentence for the murders; Allen Lafferty, the grieving husband and father; Sharon Wright Weeks, the victim’s sister and aunt; and many others. He has read transcripts of trials in 1985 and 1996, numerous news accounts, and Brenda’s journals and letters. He also spoke at length with her parents.","type":"text"},{"content":"Ron Lafferty, who was sentenced to be executed, died in prison in 2019 of natural causes.","type":"text"},{"type":"image"},{"content":"“I worked very, very hard to not just rely on Jon’s book, but to dig deeper, to find firsthand sources, which are very important to me,” Black says, “and even put pressure on the book to make sure that what’s been challenged there is truthful enough to be included in the show. Sometimes in that process, I discovered things that Jon had not yet discovered.”","type":"text"},{"content":"The filmmaker is, however, open to questions about the choices he made with the screenplay and how he shaped the story of a very real killing.","type":"text"},{"content":"Let’s start with the adult victim: Brenda Wright Lafferty.","type":"text"},{"content":"About Brenda Lafferty","type":"header"},{"type":"image"},{"content":"The young mother had just turned 24 when she was brutally slain with her daughter on July 24, Utah’s Pioneer Day.","type":"text"},{"content":"Originally from Twin Falls, Idaho, Brenda was a beauty pageant winner and editor of her high school paper. She later earned a degree from the church’s flagship school, Brigham Young University in Provo (not, as the show states, Salt Lake City).","type":"text"},{"content":"Brenda was goal-oriented and spunky but she loved the church and its gospel, says her younger sister, Sharon Wright Weeks, of St. George.","type":"text"},{"content":"Unlike the reconstructed scene of her wedding day in a Latter-day Saint temple, Weeks says, her sibling felt the temple ceremony was “sacred,” not “creepy.”","type":"text"},{"content":"Still, Brenda was not as “churchy” as the miniseries suggests, her sister says. She never would have worn ruffles nor have said, “Heavenly Father wants me to have babies and grow Zion” or “Jane Pauley is trustworthy as heck.”","type":"text"},{"content":"The lively mother sometimes swore and burped the alphabet.","type":"text"},{"content":"“She was definitely not,” says Weeks, who is not active in the church herself, “a Molly Mormon.”","type":"text"},{"content":"Some of the episodes that include Brenda, she says, are true.","type":"text"},{"content":"Her sister did, indeed, help sister-in-law Dianna (Ron’s ex-wife) write a letter to senior Latter-day Saint leaders, including apostle Ezra Taft Benson, as is shown in Episode 3, about her worries that her husband was refusing to pay taxes and was becoming more anti-government like his brother, Dan.","type":"text"},{"content":"And Brenda did get a position as news anchor on BYU’s television channel, but not for agreeing to keep quiet about a male communication adviser’s suggestive behavior.","type":"text"},{"content":"“That never happened,” Weeks says. “She loved her professors.”","type":"text"},{"content":"Black says Brenda did complain in her letters about professors “hitting on her” and how annoyed she was that they were not taking her seriously. That concern, he says, was what he tried to express in the scene.","type":"text"},{"content":"Many other Latter-day Saint and ex-Mormon women may find themselves in the language and style of the television Brenda, Weeks says, but she does not see her real sister on the screen — and Black gets that.","type":"text"},{"content":"Even Academy Award-winning actors in their “most glowing” performances can’t embody the essence of a loved one.","type":"text"},{"content":"“It’s a heartbreak because it always feels wrong to the real people or to the people who knew them,” he says. No actor or writer can “bring back their loved one, not in the way they knew them, not in the way they loved them.”","type":"text"},{"content":"About Allen Lafferty","type":"header"},{"type":"image"},{"content":"In the series, police first encounter Allen Lafferty as he was walking to the couple’s home, covered in blood after discovering the bodies inside. They then take him in for questioning.","type":"text"},{"content":"There, he engages in endless exchanges with Pyre, the fictional detective, about Mormonism’s history and practices. Speaking cynically and with some bitterness, Allen describes what he sees as the harm the church has done to women as well as violence and deception in the faith’s past.","type":"text"},{"content":"Today, according to friends and family, Allen has remarried, is living in Utah, and remains an active Latter-day Saint — which seems at odds with the way the character is played.","type":"text"},{"content":"Black, though, urges viewers not to jump to conclusions until the series wraps up.","type":"text"},{"content":"The writer interviewed Allen many times and found him to be a “mature, kind, wise man who was still trying to sift through the wreckage of his youth,” Black says. “There were questions of faith that came up in our interview and in his history. But he was a confused man, a very young man [just 24] on the time [of the killings], and, in fact, he was confused. Look at what occurred. He struggled together with his religion. How may you not?”","type":"text"},{"content":"How can you hold onto your faith “when you see your child nearly beheaded?” Black wonders. “It’s going to falter. It’s going to stumble.”","type":"text"},{"content":"Clearly, not all of Allen’s words in the series are his, but Black says he tried to reveal the man’s goodness and pain.","type":"text"},{"content":"‘The new Brigham’","type":"header"},{"type":"image"},{"content":"At the end of Episode 5, Pyre declared that Ron saw himself as “the new Brigham [Young].”","type":"text"},{"content":"Did he really?","type":"text"},{"content":"Creighton Horton, who prosecuted Ron in the 1996 retrial (after the first trial was thrown out due to a question of mental competency), does not believe that Ron was a religious zealot.","type":"text"},{"content":"Though the so-called “removal revelation” was in scriptural language, Horton says, it was about taking revenge on Brenda and those who helped his ex-wife. And it wasn’t addressed to Dan but to a hitchhiker named “Todd.”","type":"text"},{"content":"But Todd wouldn’t do it and the proposed “removal” didn’t get ratification from other members of their religious study group, School of the Prophets, the prosecutor says, so he turned to his “one true believing brother, Dan,” to carry out the execution.","type":"text"},{"content":"Dan may have been driven by his religious fanaticism, Horton says, but Ron simply had a vendetta against the women who defied him.","type":"text"},{"content":"It was a classic case of domestic violence, says Brenda’s sister, wrapped up in religious rhetoric.","type":"text"},{"content":"Dan’s daughter agrees with the characterization.","type":"text"},{"content":"“My father started out wanting to be Christlike, then evolved into wanting to become Godlike,” Rebecca Lafferty, Dan’s oldest biological daughter (there were two older stepsisters), says in a 2015 documentary about the case for “American Monster.” ","type":"text"},{"content":"He loved taking “center stage,” she says. “As leader of this created church, it was giving him an outlet.”","type":"text"},{"content":"Being the daughter of a killer, she dealt “with a lot of shame,” Rebecca says in the documentary. “I carried a lot of guilt around me.”","type":"text"},{"content":"She remembers many good aspects of her childhood — she was 8 at the time of the murders — but also brutality, insults and cruelty at his hands, too. At some level, Dan also was abusive to his family.","type":"text"},{"content":"“My father,” she says, “is a monster to me really.”","type":"text"},{"type":"image"},{"content":"About the other brothers","type":"header"},{"content":"The show features two other brothers, Sam and Robin, which are not real names, and whose words and actions do not necessarily reflect reality. No other Lafferty was arrested nor spoke as these characters do.","type":"text"},{"content":"Whatever they did in their homes, Rebecca says in an interview, all the men in the family in public were “well-mannered and charismatic.” No screamers among them.","type":"text"},{"content":"Though they are used to further the plot and their language and intonation seem extreme, Black disputes the fact that they were polite.","type":"text"},{"content":"“That certainly does not match with all of my research,” the writer says. “Some of them were very helpful, and others were not. I frankly can’t go into who is who without breaking the kind of trust that the pseudonyms are supposed to provide.”","type":"text"},{"content":"But there was no cabin in the woods, no pan-banging to shoo away strangers, nor any little girl holed up in a pioneer dress.","type":"text"},{"content":"The family did have a farm in suburban Ogden, Black says, where some family members did “live off the grid” for a time before the murders.","type":"text"},{"content":"That is where the “removal revelation” was found in a shirt of Ron’s as it is shown in Episode 5, Horton says, but there were no polygamists from Canada hanging out there.","type":"text"},{"content":"Black reiterates that the style and length of the investigation were mostly created to add suspense to a story whose villains were largely known almost from the beginning.","type":"text"},{"content":"“I’ll never forget Allen saying to me that he just couldn’t bring himself — though he had all the evidence — to just say, ‘It was my brothers.’”","type":"text"},{"content":"That took some time.","type":"text"},{"content":"About the Lafferty patriarch","type":"header"},{"type":"image"},{"content":"All Watson Lafferty Sr. (Ammon in the film) wanted, says granddaughter Rebecca in the documentary, was to create a “picture-perfect family life.”","type":"text"},{"content":"Yes, he was a “stern” father, she says, and was known to correct the boys sometimes with his fists or with a belt or a switch.","type":"text"},{"content":"Despite that, though, he could be gentle and kind, Rebecca says. “Banner” shows him “as a tyrant — and he wasn’t that at all.”","type":"text"},{"content":"He was respected in the community and really “softened” in his later years. He left a treasure trove of home movies to ensure his life history was recorded.","type":"text"},{"content":"Brenda, too, was fond of her father-in-law, Weeks says. “When he passed away from diabetes, she was devastated.”","type":"text"},{"content":"He was into homeopathic remedies so did not seek medical help for his worsening condition. Still, Brenda urged the brothers to try something to save him, when they took him to the hospital in a coma.","type":"text"},{"content":"“She left the room, crying,” Weeks says, after the machines were turned off.","type":"text"},{"content":"Fallout from the killings","type":"header"},{"type":"image"},{"content":"For this large clan of six boys, two girls, and dozens of grandchildren and cousins, the sensational national and international publicity of the 1980s surrounding the Lafferty brothers’ horrifying actions was like collectively stepping on a land mine, blasting them into separate whirlwinds of pain.","type":"text"},{"content":"Ron’s wife, Dianna, had already taken their six kids and moved to Florida. All but one of the remaining brothers moved out of state — at least for a time, family members report. Some changed their names. Some turned on the others, especially the killers’ families. There were mutual recriminations and hard feelings, yet love also remained along with the continued closeness of regular Sunday dinners in Utah County.","type":"text"},{"content":"Claudine Lafferty, the family matriarch who is called Doreen in the show, was “so heavy in her heart,” says granddaughter Rebecca.","type":"text"},{"content":"Grandmother and granddaughter went together several times to visit Dan in prison, but Claudine’s “heart was so sad and broken,” the younger woman says. “She didn’t know if she had done something wrong.”","type":"text"},{"content":"Grandma prayed unceasingly about her sons until it became unbearable, until she finally had to “give it to Jesus Christ,” the granddaughter says. “At that time, she felt the burden lift and knew that there was nothing she could have done differently.”","type":"text"},{"content":"Some family members lost their Mormon faith; others drew closer to it. One brother was so broken, his marriage disintegrated.","type":"text"},{"content":"Residents the tiny Utah County town of Salem whispered about them — and many in the church they had known all their lives turned their back on the families.","type":"text"},{"content":"Rebecca’s mother, Matilda, who was Scottish (not Irish), was economically and emotionally devastated by Dan’s betrayal, Rebecca says. She did not have the means to support the family but couldn’t move so they lived in the same house that had seen so much agony.","type":"text"},{"content":"At first, Matilda made bread to sell and deliver. On top of that, she worked into the night to sew clothes on industrial-size machines, and then she cleaned the church for a small wage back when that was a paying job.","type":"text"},{"content":"Finally, somebody pointed out she could apply for funds from the state, which she did, Rebecca says, but she got no other help from the church. She was seen as “brave, resilient and pure in heart” but never went back to her adopted faith.","type":"text"},{"content":"As a teen, Rebecca was bullied, badgered, insulted, teased and harassed by schoolmates.","type":"text"},{"type":"image"},{"content":"Meanwhile, members of the Wright family were coping with their terrible loss.","type":"text"},{"content":"A day after the deaths, Brenda’s father phoned Latter-day Saint apostle James E. Faust for advice and comfort, Weeks recalls, and he happened to take the call.","type":"text"},{"content":"The Latter-day Saint leader “gave us a blessing over the phone,” she says. “We didn’t have speakerphones back then but I remember it very well.”","type":"text"},{"content":"The Wrights never blamed Allen for his brothers’ treachery. They embraced him with graciousness, generosity and compassion as a genuine member of their circle of loved ones.","type":"text"},{"content":"He spent his first solo Christmas with them in Idaho, Weeks says, and continued to join them for holidays for some years.","type":"text"},{"content":"To this day, she says, “he calls me ‘Sis.’”","type":"text"},{"content":"And how are they all dealing with this newfound — and unwanted — attention?","type":"text"},{"content":"“It’s like ripping the scab off again,” says Rebecca, who is writing her own book about the tragedy. “I want to paint my family, especially my grandparents, in the light they deserve.”","type":"text"},{"content":"Others are laying low, going on with their lives, not wanting to correct misperceptions of their family in the media, just hoping that this long-ago episode can return to being buried — at least until another outside filmmaker or writer decides to resurrect it.","type":"text"}],"credits":{"by":[{"_id":"pstack","image":{"url":"https://s3.amazonaws.com/arc-authors/sltrib/a7e1ce28-5353-4737-87a7-c7be13b28f3c.png"},"name":"Peggy Fletcher Stack"}]},"display_date":"2022-05-22T14:12:01.317Z","headlines":{"basic":"Screenwriter, families reveal what’s fact and what’s fiction in ‘Under the Banner of Heaven’"},"last_updated_date":"2022-05-22T14:12:02.367Z","promo_items":{"basic": The Salt Lake Tribune) Sharon Wright Weeks, shown in February 2022, holds her favorite photo of her sister Brenda Wright Lafferty and Brenda's infant daughter, Erica.","url":"https://cloudfront-us-east-1.images.arcpublishing.com/sltrib/UR3YRGWHBZH5VPX6U5DWSWZ5SQ.jpg"},"publish_date":"2022-05-22T14:12:01.317Z","subheadlines":{"basic":"Oscar winner Dustin Lance Black says writers define their style “by how far they can bend history before it snaps.”"},"taxonomy":{"primary_section":{"_id":"/religion","name":"Religion","parent_id":"https://www.sltrib.com/","path":"/religion"},"sites":[{"name":"Religion","path":"/religion"}],"tags":[{"description":"staff-produced religion stories","slug":"local-religion","text":"local religion"},{"description":"Television","slug":"television","text":"Television"}]},"website_url":"/religion/2022/05/22/screenwriter-families"},{"_id":"325627NHMFCE5OQVOIQKKGWMYM","canonical_url":"/artsliving/2022/05/22/scott-d-pierce-do-we-need","content_elements":[{"content":"In case you were wondering, here’s what’s going to happen to the main characters on the new Disney+ series, “Obi-wan Kenobi”:","type":"text"},{"content":"• Obi-wan (Ewan McGregor) is going to be struck down by Darth Vader. But he’ll return as sort of a ghost to help guide Luke Skywalker.","type":"text"},{"content":"• Anakin Skywalker/Darth Vader (Hayden Christensen) is going to be super evil and murder a whole lot of people. Minutes before his death, he’ll save his son and kill the evil Emperor Palpatine (the first time). After his deathbed repentance, he will, apparently, be absolved of all his sins and return as sort of a benevolent angel.","type":"text"},{"content":"• Owen (Joel Edgerton) and Beru Lars (Bonnie Piesse) are going to be murdered and their bodies gruesomely burned.","type":"text"},{"content":"• Luke Skywalker (Grant Feely) is going to grow up and help defeat the Empire. He’ll save his father. He’ll be betrayed by his nephew. He’ll become sort of a ghost himself, and help defeat the First Order.","type":"text"},{"content":"These aren’t spoilers because WE ALREADY KNOW ALL THIS. We’ve known some of these things for 45 years. Which is why — despite the fact that I’ve loved “Star Wars” for 45 years — I have little interest in the new “Obi-wan Kenobi” series.","type":"text"},{"type":"image"},{"content":"We’ve been down this path before. The three “Star Wars” prequel movies — “The Phantom Menace,” “Attack of the Clones” and “Revenge of the Sith” — took six years to tell us what we already knew. What? Luke’s father is Darth Vader? We learned that in “The Empire Strikes Back” in 1980, so trying to make it seem shocking 28 years later in “Revenge of the Sith” was kind of stupid.","type":"text"},{"content":"“Obi-wan Kenobi,” which starts streaming Friday, takes place 10 years after the events in “Revenge of the Sith” and about nine years before the events in the original “Star Wars” movie, later subtitled “A New Hope.” And, yes, we see things play out that we never knew about before.","type":"text"},{"content":"But it’s still headed in the same direction. There’s still no suspense. Any time Obi-wan is in danger, we know he’ll get out of it.","type":"text"},{"content":"At the risk of being super-negative, the more “Star Wars” TV series I see, the less interested I am in “Star Wars.”","type":"text"},{"content":"Prequels can work. “Rogue One” is a great “Star Wars” movie — arguably, one of the best “Star Wars” movies, period. But we didn’t know what was going to happen to the characters, who were unfamiliar to us. Pretty much the same could be said for “The Mandalorian.”","type":"text"},{"content":"But the 2018 film “Solo” was less successful because, again, no suspense.","type":"text"},{"content":"I’ve been a “Star Wars” fan since I went to see the original movie the day it opened. But I’ll never understand the obsession, in some quarters, with Boba Fett.","type":"text"},{"content":"And, no, I’m not against more “Star Wars” TV series. But I’m not interested in “Star Wars” shows that do little more than fill in gaps in a story we already know extremely well.","type":"text"},{"type":"image"},{"content":"Dark thoughts about ‘Stranger Things’","type":"header"},{"content":"Almost three years after season three, we’re about to get season four of Netflix’s “Stranger Things.” Well, the first half of season four — seven episodes will start streaming on Friday, and the final two will debut on July 1. And episodes will be long. Overall, Season Four will be five hours longer than any of the three previous seasons.","type":"text"},{"content":"The narrative resumes six months after events at the end of season three. And things have taken a very dark turn. Dark even for “Stranger Things.”","type":"text"},{"content":"The first three seasons were consistently good, and sometimes great. Expectations have risen for season four. But if ever there was a show that might jump the shark, this is it. The longer this goes on, the more worried I am. The hardest thing to do is to carry a narrative like this through multiple seasons and then wrap it up in a way that makes all — OK, most — fans happy.","type":"text"},{"content":"I’m encouraged by the fact that creators/producers/brothers Matt and Ross Duffer told us years ago that they had a multi-season plan before they started, and they knew how it would end. At least this isn’t “Lost,” where they were making stuff up as they went along and the end was a misbegotten mess.","type":"text"},{"content":"The build-up for the “Stranger Things” finale is going to be huge, and there’s no way to please everybody. Think “Game of Thrones.”","type":"text"},{"content":"But for now … enjoy season four. Just don’t watch it alone in the dark.","type":"text"},{"content":"Negatively positive","type":"header"},{"content":"In the Age of the Internet, fans come out online to support seemingly every show that’s ever canceled. Some of the protests have merit, but the vast majority do not.","type":"text"},{"content":"Before social media, the 11 people upset that some lame show was canceled had no way of knowing there were 10 others who agreed with them. Now, they get together online and think they represent viewers everywhere.","type":"text"},{"content":"I don’t generally celebrate when a show gets the ax, because I know that means a lot of people are out of a job — writers, producers and crew members, not just actors. But there’s no need to mourn when shows like these get the ax:","type":"text"},{"content":"“American Rust,” “A.P. Bio,” “The Baby-Sitters Club,” “Batwoman,” “Bull,” “The Celebrity Dating Game,” “Charmed,” “The Courtship,” “D.C.’s Legends of Tomorrow,” “Dollface,” “Dynasty,” “The Endgame,” “Good Sam,” “How We Roll,” “I Know What You Did Last Summer,” “In the Dark,” “Kenan,” “The Last O.G.,” “Legacies,” “Mr. Mayor,” “Naomi,” “Ordinary Joe,” “Our Kind of People,” “The Outpost,” “Pivoting,” “Promised Land,” “Queens,” “The Republic of Sarah,” “Roswell, New Mexico,” “Saved by the Bell” reboot, “Shahs of Sunset” and “Space Force” … just to name a few.","type":"text"},{"content":"I’m not saying they were all always bad shows, but they all outlived their usefulness.","type":"text"},{"content":"Positively negative","type":"header"},{"content":"While I’m not suggesting a campaign to save any shows — I know that’s almost always a waste of time — I will admit that I’m saddened by a few cancellations.","type":"text"},{"content":"“B Positive” and “United States of Al” both showed considerable improvement in their second seasons, and seemed on the road to becoming above-average sitcoms. I kind of liked “The Hustler,” although that was mostly because of host Craig Ferguson. I would’ve liked to have seen another season of “Julie and the Phantoms.”","type":"text"},{"content":"And I absolutely loved “The Big Leap” … although, deep down inside, I’m not sure that a second season could’ve lived up to the first.","type":"text"},{"content":"Editor’s note • This story is available to Salt Lake Tribune subscribers only. Thank you for supporting local journalism.","type":"text"}],"credits":{"by":[{"_id":"spierce","image":{"url":"https://s3.amazonaws.com/arc-authors/sltrib/80a1f33c-6786-4297-8540-865f170ba0e5.png"},"name":"Scott D. Pierce"}]},"display_date":"2022-05-22T14:11:34.953Z","headlines":{"basic":"Scott D. Pierce: Do we need an Obi-wan Kenobi ‘Star Wars’ series? Nope."},"last_updated_date":"2022-05-22T14:11:35.763Z","promo_items":{"basic":{"caption":"(Disney+) Ewan McGregor stars at the title character in "Obi-Wan Kenobi," a new series streaming on Disney+ starting May 27, 2022.","url":"https://cloudfront-us-east-1.images.arcpublishing.com/sltrib/OKSSEY6FTZGGXC26Y7RS37ALTI.jpeg"}},"publish_date":"2022-05-22T14:11:34.953Z","subheadlines":{"basic":"We already know where Kenobi will end up. But will we like the end of ‘Stranger Things’?"},"taxonomy":{"primary_section":{"_id":"/artsliving","name":"Arts & Living","parent_id":"https://www.sltrib.com/","path":"/artsliving"},"sites":[{"name":"Arts & Living","path":"/artsliving"}],"tags":[{"description":"Featured Arts","slug":"featured-arts","text":"Featured Arts"},{"description":"Put stories behind the paywall.","slug":"paywall","text":"Paywall"},{"description":"Television","slug":"television","text":"Television"}]},"website_url":"/artsliving/2022/05/22/scott-d-pierce-do-we-need"},{"_id":"PSEIZTE2RRHYRBDOJQ27SCAG44","canonical_url":"/artsliving/food/2022/05/22/homebrewers-prepare-open","content_elements":[{"content":"When Prodigy Brewing opens in June, in a 122-year-old building in Logan’s downtown, it will not just be the first brewery in Logan, but the first in Cache County.","type":"text"},{"content":"In June, it will also be exactly 10 years since Jason and Kristin Smith moved to Utah from Kentucky.","type":"text"},{"content":"“It was the first time that we’ve lived in a community the size of Logan where there’s not been a brewpub,” Kristin Smith said.","type":"text"},{"content":"The Smiths co-own Prodigy — at 25 W. Center St., Logan — along with Jason’s friend Rob Paul (the two have known each other since kindergarten) and Matt Cliburn.","type":"text"},{"content":"Fifteen years ago, Kristin Smith said, “Jason started homebrewing, and Rob started homebrewing. And then in Kentucky, we met Matt. So he’s been homebrewing for a really long time, and had just gotten pretty good at it.”","type":"text"},{"content":"The friends heard “a lot of rumblings over time about getting a brewpub started in Logan,” she said. “As it turned out, they were all urban legends or misinformation. The city’s been super great and welcoming to us.”","type":"text"},{"content":"What wasn’t super great was COVID-19, which slowed construction and added delays to sourcing brewery equipment. Now, they are set to open the doors in a few weeks.","type":"text"},{"content":"The brewpub, located at 25 W. Center St., will be similar to such Salt Lake City establishments as Squatters, which brews and serves beer but can serve food to anyone in its restaurant. Kristin Smith said Prodigy is intentionally family-friendly, and wants anyone in Logan to be able to visit. With hours stretching to midnight on weekends, the brewpub will also offer one of the few late-night food options in the city.","type":"text"},{"content":"The beers, she said, will be mostly — but not entirely — traditional.","type":"text"},{"content":"“We acquired some German lagering equipment, so we’re going to do some traditional German-style beers, very traditional IPAs and stouts and porters, and all of that good stuff,” she said. “Our assistant brewer is really extremely creative, so he has so many ideas. He’s been tinkering with his homebrew system and has done a number of really cool things. Once we get our stake down in these traditional beers, we’re super excited to unleash him and see what happens and have some interesting things, too.”","type":"text"},{"content":"The menu, created by executive chef Dustin Kirby, is upscale pub fare, with wood-fired pizzas, burgers and more. “The Prodigy supreme burger has what feels like every ingredient under the sun,” she said. The beer cheese recipe, she said, is one passed down through generations in Jason’s family in Kentucky.","type":"text"},{"content":"“We took it to our chef and we were like, ‘OK, so this is what we’d like you to do — deal with it as you want. This is the vision and the inspiration,’” Kristin Smith said. “He said, ‘This is absolutely perfect the way it is.’ So we’ll have the beer cheese, not only for things like pretzels and French fries and things, but we’ll do nachos as well.”","type":"text"},{"content":"Prodigy will also serve Sunday brunch, she said, with a menu that includes breakfast pizzas and other brunch-specific dishes.","type":"text"},{"content":"Smith said she and the other co-owners have found the Utah brewing community to be welcoming, and that their support has been invaluable as they’ve worked to get the brewery open.","type":"text"},{"content":"“I can’t tell you the number of breweries we reached out to when we were purchasing our brewery equipment, just to get a better idea of what would really fit us best,” she said. “We’ve made such great relationships with a number of different breweries just by asking questions — did you have this problem, or was this something you ran into? How did you navigate this? How did you find this ingredient, or this piece of equipment, or cans, or whatever it may be? Everyone’s just been great.”","type":"text"},{"content":"Hours — once Prodigy opens — will be 11 a.m. to 11 p.m. Monday through Wednesday, 11 a.m. to midnight Thursday through Saturday, and 10 a.m. to 10 p.m. Sunday.","type":"text"},{"content":"
","type":"text"}],"credits":{"by":[{"_id":"srussell","image":{"url":"https://s3.amazonaws.com/arc-authors/sltrib/222deb3f-eed7-4048-ad39-2f45a66665de.jpg"},"name":"Stefene Russell"}]},"display_date":"2022-05-22T14:11:03.155Z","headlines":{"basic":"Homebrewers prepare to open Logan’s first craft brewery"},"last_updated_date":"2022-05-22T14:11:04.303Z","promo_items":{"basic":{"caption":"(Prodigy Brewing) The founders of Logan's Prodigy Brewing, from left: Jason Smith, Rob Paul and Matt Cliburn.","url":"https://cloudfront-us-east-1.images.arcpublishing.com/sltrib/M6U6LJB26RGYZFAJZIG635O42Q.jpg"}},"publish_date":"2022-05-22T14:11:03.155Z","subheadlines":{"basic":"Prodigy, set to open in June, aims to offer traditional German beers and upscale pub food."},"taxonomy":{"primary_section":{"_id":"/artsliving/food","name":"Food","parent_id":"/artsliving","path":"/artsliving/food"},"sites":[{"name":"Food","path":"/artsliving/food"}],"tags":[{"description":"Featured Arts","slug":"featured-arts","text":"Featured Arts"},{"description":"Food","slug":"food","text":"Food"}]},"website_url":"/artsliving/food/2022/05/22/homebrewers-prepare-open"},{"_id":"X6CPHF2YQJACTMBZ6ETN72XU5E","canonical_url":"/artsliving/2022/05/22/utah-expert-is-studying","content_elements":[{"content":"Ask most people what the oldest book made with movable metal type is, and they likely will say the Gutenberg Bible, printed around 1455 in Mainz, Germany.","type":"text"},{"content":"That isn’t the case, and a University of Utah librarian is part of a research project to give proper due to what scholars say is the first such book, known as Jikji.","type":"text"},{"content":"“People should learn the bigger picture,” said Randy Silverman, who’s head of preservation at the University of Utah’s Marriott Library, and one of two principal investigators on the collaborative project “From Jikji to Gutenberg.”","type":"text"},{"content":"Jikji is a Korean Buddhist book — the title translates to “pointing at it directly” — that was printed in 1377. It tells “a compression of the history of the Buddhists,” Silverman said. “It tells how the Buddhists attained enlightenment.”","type":"text"},{"content":"The project — which involves 40 scholars, working in 14 different time zones worldwide — aims to bring Jikji’s existence to the forefront of printing history around the globe.","type":"text"},{"content":"In a video explaining the endeavor, Silverman says they are “changing perspectives on the history of printing.”","type":"text"},{"content":"To give context to the project’s mission, Silverman tells a story about a neighbor’s child on his street, who was drawing a sidewalk-chalk picture of the planet, marked with important cultural milestones. Gutenberg was on there, but Jikji was not.","type":"text"},{"content":"It’s Silverman’s hope, he said, that the next time that child draws a globe, Jikji will be included among the great milestones.","type":"text"},{"content":"Silverman said he learned about Jikji a few years ago, when he was invited by UNESCO to give talks in South Korea, in Seoul and Cheongju, about 85 miles south — a place Silverman had not heard of before.","type":"text"},{"content":"Cheongju is home to the Cheongju Early Printing Museum, which opened in 1992 next to the site of the original temple (Heungdeok) where Jikji was first printed. The museum was designed, Silverman said, to answer the question “How will you take care of Jikji?”","type":"text"},{"content":"Silverman said he left Cheongju with “an obligation to come back to America and talk about it, because it just seemed like I got cheated. People ought to know that this is the story.”","type":"text"},{"content":"There’s a story behind why Jikji isn’t as recognized as the Gutenberg Bible. Much of it involves the lack of accessibility of the one original copy of Jikji.","type":"text"},{"content":"The story goes that the book was taken from Korea by a French diplomat, Victor Collin de Plancy, in the early 1900s, was bought by a collector in 1911, and was donated in 1950 to the Bibliothèque de national Française — the National Library of France. The library hasn’t displayed its copy of Jikji since the early 1970s.","type":"text"},{"content":"The French and South Korean governments have contested the proper place for the book for years. In 1989, French President François Mitterand offered to send Jikji to Korea, if the Koreans agreed to import French high-speed rail technology; the deal reportedly broke down when the library’s staff objected. Last November, a French cultural minister said her government would consider lending Jikji to South Korea — on the condition that the Korean government not attempt to seize the book and keep it there forever.","type":"text"},{"content":"Silverman is adamant that he wants both France and South Korea involved in the project he’s leading — but he also noted, “there isn’t a Western intellectual position that doesn’t think there’s a superiority.”","type":"text"},{"content":"What Silverman said he and the other scholars are most particularly interested in are the printing methods used to create Jikji — notably, metal type.","type":"text"},{"content":"“The curious thing for me [is] it’s printed the following 12 months as a woodblock printed e-book,” Silverman stated. “Woodblocks and type are used for different purposes, and making metal type is really complicated.”","type":"text"},{"content":"The book was printed using Chinese characters that are quite intricate. (The precursor of today’s Korean alphabet wasn’t created until about 75 years later.) Woodblock type is easier to duplicate, he said, much like a modern-day photocopier, because the user can reference it and use it again and again.","type":"text"},{"content":"Over the next five years, the collaborative project will hold a scholarly symposium at the Library of Congress, and publish a 400-page catalog that will delve into type casting, ink, paper and bookbinding, along with patterns of book distribution in Asia. The hope is that in 2027 — the 650th anniversary of Jikji’s printing — the project will bring an international exhibit to nine research libraries in the United States, and 34 more in 14 other countries.","type":"text"},{"content":"Part of the project is to compare Jikji and Gutenberg, to see how the Korean and European printers of the 14th and 15th centuries differed in binding, ink, and other aspects of printing.","type":"text"},{"content":"“The cultural advance of humanity is tied up in this investigation,” Silverman explains. “We want to save ideas as a species because we love the idea of advancement. We want to make it better for the next generation.”","type":"text"},{"content":"
","type":"text"}],"credits":{"by":[{"_id":"pjayswal","image":{"url":"https://s3.amazonaws.com/arc-authors/sltrib/421fc983-7116-4ca5-bc46-02c8b8b82d77.png"},"name":"Palak Jayswal"}]},"display_date":"2022-05-22T14:10:30.274Z","headlines":{"basic":"A Utah expert is studying the world’s oldest movable-type book — and it’s not the Gutenberg Bible"},"last_updated_date":"2022-05-22T14:10:30.598Z","promo_items":{"basic":{"caption":"(University of Utah) Scans of pages of the Gutenberg Bible, top, and Jikji, a Korean Buddhist book that was printed decades before Gutenberg's work. A University of Utah researcher is among those leading a study of the Korean book, believed to be the oldest surviving book printed with movable metal type.","url":"https://cloudfront-us-east-1.images.arcpublishing.com/sltrib/LLBNQQE45JAPZFUKTJATAYWONA.jpg"}},"publish_date":"2022-05-22T14:10:30.274Z","subheadlines":{"basic":"A University of Utah researcher is leading a team to study the 14th century Korean book called Jikji."},"taxonomy":{"primary_section":{"_id":"/artsliving","name":"Arts & Living","parent_id":"https://www.sltrib.com/","path":"/artsliving"},"sites":[{"name":"Arts & Living","path":"/artsliving"}],"tags":[{"description":"Featured Arts","slug":"featured-arts","text":"Featured Arts"},{"description":"University of Utah","slug":"university-of-utah","text":"University of Utah"}]},"website_url":"/artsliving/2022/05/22/utah-expert-is-studying"},{"_id":"GRZ4UIX7FVEONNSNH7KPQBVSZE","canonical_url":"/artsliving/2022/05/22/summer-festivals-across","content_elements":[{"content":"Strawberries and cream are still one of the most-beloved parts of Pleasant Grove Strawberry Days — even though the strawberries are grown elsewhere.","type":"text"},{"content":"Like a lot of fruit-themed Utah festivals in small towns, this 101-year-old tradition started as a way of celebrating a crop harvest. Though there are still some festivals, like Melon Days in Green River, that feature local produce, many of these festivals are a way to get everyone together when the weather’s nice, cultivate a little bit of civic pride, play some pickleball, listen to music, and ride the Scrambler on the carnival midway.","type":"text"},{"content":"Lisa Young, chair of the Strawberry Days Association, said that the festival is one of Utah’s oldest (though Melon Days, and Brigham City’s Peach Days, have it beat by a few years). This year, Strawberry Days will run more than a week, starting with a pickleball tournament on Friday, June 10.","type":"text"},{"content":"For Strawberry Days’ centennial anniversary last year, organizers shut down Main Street and threw a street party. Young said it was so popular, they’re bringing it back as a regular part of the festival.","type":"text"},{"content":"“That kicks everything off, on Saturday the 11th,” she said. “We’ll have a live band, The Salamanders, and food trucks up and down the street — we’ll have nachos, drinks, desserts, you name it. And then you’ve got the park, with lots of seating. People just dance in the street, and it’s so much fun. We just shut it all down.”","type":"text"},{"content":"Also on June 11, there will also be a car show and cruise, which usually features 80 to 100 cars and helicopter rides, Young said.","type":"text"},{"content":"The festival has lots of family-friendly programming, including Huck Finn Day, where teens put together games for younger kids, and stock the pond with trout for fishing. There’s also the Little Miss Strawberry Days competition, where the winners are chosen based on a written essay; a baby contest; a kids’ art show; a kids’ parade; and a princess party.","type":"text"},{"content":"Pleasant Grove’s City Recreation Center also “goes all out and has tournaments in everything,” Young said, including volleyball, golf, relay races, tennis and spikeball.","type":"text"},{"content":"On Tuesday, June 14, the Shane Lee Band performs in the park, and the festival gives out free strawberries and cream. “That’s the coveted dessert of the week,” Young said. (The dessert is available for purchase June 15-18 at stands in the downtown park and in the rodeo arena.)","type":"text"},{"content":"After strawberries and cream, the most popular dessert of the week is pie. Many strawberry pies will be consumed at the annual pie-eating contest, which happens on Friday, June 17.","type":"text"},{"content":"“I know they have other kinds, too, like chocolate cream and stuff like that, but they are definitely heavy on the strawberries,” Young said.","type":"text"},{"content":"The week includes multiple tours of local gardens and historic buildings. And there’s a carnival midway, which was started in Pleasant Grove by Lou and Lois Melendez, who now take it all over the country, Young said. “But they come home for Strawberry Days,” Young said. “They’ve always been a part of it.”","type":"text"},{"content":"The week ends with a big parade — so big they call it the “Mammoth Parade” — and a rodeo. At its largest, the grand parade featured 140 entries, though Young said they try to keep it to a trim 100 or 120 these days.","type":"text"},{"content":"Young, like everyone else involved in Strawberry Days, is a volunteer, and it’s a nearly year-round effort. After June’s festivities, they will take a few months off, and then start planning for 2023. Though sometimes it’s hard for Young not to think about Strawberry Days, even when she’s on vacation.","type":"text"},{"content":"“I was in California a few years ago, down the coast, and ran across a strawberry farm,” she said. “They were so cute — they said, ‘We just finished our festival — we went through 50 flats.’ And I was like ‘Oh! We go through thousands and thousands of cases!’”","type":"text"},{"content":"Pleasant Grove Strawberry Days runs June 11-19. Most events are free. For a full schedule, visit the festival website, strawberrydays.org.","type":"text"},{"content":"–","type":"text"},{"content":"Here are more small-town festivals scheduled across Utah this summer:","type":"text"},{"content":"Scandinavian Heritage Festival, Ephraim • May 27-28 • This year’s events include a quilt show, history talks, 1K, 5K and 10K runs, parade, pioneer reenactments, a beard contest, a maypole dance, a wife-carrying competition and pickleball tournament. There will also be food and crafts booths.","type":"text"},{"type":"image"},{"content":"Cherry Days, North Ogden • July 3 • This festival marks its 90th year. Events will include a medallion search, 5k fun run, kids games, petting zoo, parade and fireworks.","type":"text"},{"content":"Orchard Days, Santaquin • July 30 • This year’s festival includes a children’s rodeo, train rides, 4-H petting zoo, movies in the park, rock hunt, quilt show, e-sports tournament, chalk art competition, parade, car show, live music, and food and craft booths.","type":"text"},{"content":"Harvest Days, Midvale • August 1-2 • Now 80 years old, this festival features a parade, food booths, live music and fireworks.","type":"text"},{"content":"Bear Lake Raspberry Days Festival • August 3-6 • This year’s festival will include a golf tournament, a pie-eating contest, concerts, a rodeo, 5K run, a boat parade, craft fair and fireworks.","type":"text"},{"content":"Peach Days, Hurricane • September 1-3 • Features free golf, pickleball and cornhole tournaments, a quilt camp, carnival midway, rodeo, food and craft booths and fireworks.","type":"text"},{"content":"Golden Onion Days, Payson • September 2 • Started in 1929 as the Onion Harvest and Homecoming, it’s held each Labor Day weekend and features a carnival, live music, a baby contest, car show, 5K and 10K runs, a parade, food booths and fireworks.","type":"text"},{"type":"image"},{"content":"Midway Swiss Days • September 3-4 • Includes performances by Wasatch Dance Company, Accordions Aloud, Swiss Bells Autumn Ski. Food offerings include Swiss Chicken, Swiss tacos, pie, ice cream, scones, and knockwurst sandwiches.","type":"text"},{"content":"Brigham City Peach Days • September 9-10 • Started in 1904, this festival features a Peach Queen pageant, library book sale, parade, softball tournament, lip synch battle, live music, carnival, motorcycle show, and art/crafts and food vendors.","type":"text"},{"content":"Melon Days Green River • September 16-17 • This 117-year-old festival is still centered around the harvest of the fruit it celebrates. It also has a parade, a car show, a softball tournament, a pancake breakfast, a melon-carving contest and live music.","type":"text"},{"content":"
","type":"text"}],"credits":{"by":[{"_id":"srussell","image":{"url":"https://s3.amazonaws.com/arc-authors/sltrib/222deb3f-eed7-4048-ad39-2f45a66665de.jpg"},"name":"Stefene Russell"}]},"display_date":"2022-05-22T14:10:01.282Z","headlines":{"basic":"Summer festivals across Utah celebrate with small-town fun"},"last_updated_date":"2022-05-22T14:10:02.114Z","promo_items":{"basic": Salt Lake Tribune file photo) A girl gets her face painted at the 2021 Swiss Days celebration in Midway — one of many small towns in Utah that throw summer celebrations.","url":"https://cloudfront-us-east-1.images.arcpublishing.com/sltrib/SIJ2HD4M4NHLDFZNLN2AWIN56M.JPG"},"publish_date":"2022-05-22T14:10:01.282Z","subheadlines":{"basic":"Cherries, peaches, strawberries and more harvests are celebrated in towns around the state."},"taxonomy":{"primary_section":{"_id":"/artsliving","name":"Arts & Living","parent_id":"https://www.sltrib.com/","path":"/artsliving"},"sites":[{"name":"Arts & Living","path":"/artsliving"}],"tags":[{"description":"Featured Arts","slug":"featured-arts","text":"Featured Arts"},{"description":"Pleasant Grove","slug":"pleasant-grove","text":"Pleasant Grove"},{"description":"Bear Lake","slug":"bear-lake","text":"Bear Lake"},{"description":"Hurricane","slug":"hurricane","text":"Hurricane"},{"description":"Payson","slug":"payson","text":"Payson"},{"description":"Green River","slug":"green-river","text":"Green River"}]},"website_url":"/artsliving/2022/05/22/summer-festivals-across"},{"_id":"N5XAKHQ6ZVDB7JC3H3KEIZFMXM","canonical_url":"/artsliving/2022/05/22/look-ahead-local-events","content_elements":[{"content":"May 23","type":"text"},{"content":"Who is Rupi Kaur?","type":"header"},{"content":"You don’t often hear about poets going on a world tour, playing large concert halls. Rupi Kaur is a 29-year-old poet — born in Punjab, India, and now living in Canada — who became a sensation with her appearances on Instagram. Notably, she posted images of clothing and bedsheets stained with her menstrual blood in 2015, and when Instagram took down the images, she posted a critique of the company that went viral. Kaur will read her works Monday, starting at 8 p.m., in the Capitol Theatre, 50 W. 200 South, Salt Lake City. Limited tickets available at ArtTix.org.","type":"text"},{"content":"May 25","type":"text"},{"content":"‘You can check out any time you like…’","type":"header"},{"content":"It seems like, no matter what, The Eagles continue to make music. Through stormy arguments, firings, lawsuits, and the death of founding member Glenn Frey, the band that recorded “Hotel California,” “Take It Easy,” “Desperado” and other hits has been going for more than 50 years. The Eagles are scheduled to perform the entirety of their “Hotel California,” plus their greatest hits, Wednesday, at 8 p.m., at Vivint Smart Home Arena, 301 W. South Temple, Salt Lake City. Tickets available at vivintarena.com.","type":"text"},{"content":"May 28","type":"text"},{"content":"Real Salt Lake, back home","type":"header"},{"content":"Real Salt Lake has been quite successful in their home grounds, Rio Tinto Stadium — aka The RioT, aka The Fortress — racking up four wins, one draw and no losses in MLS league play. (We’re not talking about that U.S. Open Cup loss to third-tier Northern Colorado Hailstorm.) RSL is back home Saturday, May 28, at 7:30 p.m., to play the Houston Dynamo. Tickets available at RealSaltLake.com.","type":"text"},{"content":"
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